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RIGHTS PROTECTED : Under this law Copyright law protects the copyright of authors, musicians, etc. Copyright is essentially a right to copy. Copyright is a term describing rights given to creators for their literary and artistic works. It's an intellectual…


Compulsory Licensing in Thailand

Essential medicines are those that satisfy the health care needs of the majority of the population; they should therefore be available at all times in adequate amounts and in the appropriate dosage forms and at a price that individuals and…


Compulsory Licensing in the United States

Compulsory license is common throughout the world but is virtually absent in the United States. Compulsory licensing enables the government granting the patent to force the patentee to license the invention if the government does not approve of the patent's…


Compulsory Licensing in South Africa

South Africa welcomes the opportunity to make submissions on the topic of exceptions and limitations. South Africa recognizes the role that Intellectual Property (IP) and Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) play in the global context of advancing innovation, the dissemination of…


Trade Dress, Aesthetics And Functionality

On July 14, 2021, the General Court of the European Union delivered leading cosmetics and skincare label Guerlain a win in the fight to register the distinctive shape of its “Rouge G de Guerlain Lipstick.” The decision annulled the earlier…

AI (1)

Artificial Intelligence as an Inventor in Patent Law

Artificial Intelligence (hereinafter “AIs”) is a computer science discipline focused on developing machinery and systems with the ability to perform tasks attributable to human intelligence. From a patent law perspective, AIs were considered incapable of facilitating inventive processes autonomously and…

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